Principle Of Organic Farming

Organic farming blends scientific knowledge with traditional farming methodology relying entirely on the natural biological processes. It also utilizes only natural pesticides and fertilizers restricting water soluble synthetic fertilizers that harm the soil and its products. This farming practice is based on certain principles that ensure soil fertility and high quality outputs in the long run.

Principle of health signifies that the organic farming practices are concerned at maintaining the soil, food produces and the livestock in a healthy state. The measures adopted in this type of practice are crop rotation, biological pest control, green manure and mechanical cultivation. This also reduces the dependency on machinery and external sources for cultivation.

• Principle of ecology implies that the farming practice synchronizes with the ecosystem and works along with the cycles of nature’s transformations.
• Principle of fairness establishes a relationship with the nature spreading fairness regarding live opportunities of all plant and animal species involved.
• Principle of care ensures handling the environment in a responsible manner so that the well being of nature and the coming generations are upheld.

To carry out organic farming, certain preliminary steps are required to be undertaken. First of them involves conversion of land from conventional management to organic management. This takes considerable amount of time and effort as most agricultural lands would have been over exploited through modern practices. Synthetic fertilizers are cut out and the land is nourished using natural fertilizers and pest control techniques. Organic farming prefers crop rotation that cultivates different crops successively to retain and enhance soil fertility. Management of weeds and pests is carried out by biological control system. Another noticeable change invoked by organic farming is that it provides equal importance to livestock management as well. Maintaining the livestock in a well nourished manner enables to maintain a balance in the ecosystem.

Another highly acclaimed principle in organic farming is the rejection of genetically modified plants and animals. The advent of genetically modified crops has been successful on the financial aspect but has a drastic effect on the plant species and its consumers. They alter the nature of the soil, produce rich looking output but are proven to be dangerous for the consumers and the environment. Considering the consequences, organic farming thus completely eradicates the idea of genetic modifications to be done on plants and animals.

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